The treatment for canine follicular dysplasia, in whatever form it presents, is largely supportive and involves medical management rather than a “cure”. The goals of treatment are to restore hair growth if possible and to prevent secondary bacterial infections in or around the hair follicles. Some reports suggest that administration of melatonin may stimulate hair regrowth and/or shorten the duration of hair loss, although most of these reports are anecdotal and not supported by definitive scientific studies. Of course, if secondary bacterial skin infections are present, appropriate antibiotics should be prescribed and administered for the full duration of the prescribed course.
Other supportive therapies involve administration of frequent and appropriate topical medications or solutions. Oatmeal shampoos and other shampoos designed to sooth the skin can help to alleviate the dog’s discomfort from this disorder. Skin moisturizers can also be beneficial. The dog’s attending veterinarian can recommend appropriate shampoos, conditioners and moisturizers based upon the dog’s particular condition.
The various types of canine follicular dysplasia are considered to be genetic. As a result, they are considered to be largely incurable. Fortunately, most affected dogs are otherwise healthy, suffering only from their hair loss and possibly from some associated bacterial skin disorders or an occasional sunburn. This is not a life-threatening disorder. Actually, it is largely a cosmetic condition and is much more of a distraction to owners than it is a real problem for the affected dog.