Causes of Canine Ectropion
Canine ectropion can show up in dogs of any age or gender, depending upon the underlying cause of the condition. It frequently is developmental, with a definite genetic predisposition in certain breeds, especially those with loose facial skin. Ectropion can also be acquired from trauma, inflammation, foreign bodies, infection, corneal ulceration, marked weight loss or loss of muscle tone around the eyes. Developmental ectropion tends to be seen in young dogs. Acquired ectropion is more common in older dogs.
Affected animals (or close relatives) should not be used in a breeding program due to the apparent genetic component to this disorder.
The goals of treating canine ectropion are to resolve any underlying painful conditions and to correct severe cases that are causing continuous ocular pain. Mild to moderate cases may require little treatment other than supportive care, while severe cases may require surgical correction to prevent permanent eye damage. The prognosis for dogs with ectropion are quite good. Periodic treatment with lubricating drops, creams or ointments may be appropriate.