Causes of Corneal Ulcers
Corneal ulcers can be caused by a number of things, including trauma, foreign bodies, eyelid conformational abnormalities, tear production disorders and chronic infection. There is no age or gender predisposition to developing corneal ulcers. They are especially common in Boxers and other breeds with short noses, flat faces and broad foreheads. Other risk factors include dogs that are highly excitable, are prone to fighting or are used for hunting or otherwise spend time in heavy brush.
The best way to prevent corneal ulceration and abrasion is to identify, avoid and/or treat the underlying cause of the condition.
The outlook for dogs with corneal ulcers is good as long as they are diagnosed and treated in a timely manner. One of the biggest complications of corneal ulceration is the increased risk of bacterial infection of the eye, which can cause permanent scarring and even blindness.