Rottweilers are powerful dogs with athletic, muscular bodies and large, broad heads. They are slightly longer than they are tall, with a level topline. The ears are pendant and triangular; the nose black and wide. The lips are also black, as is the inside of the mouth. The eyes are deep set, almond-shaped and dark brown. Teeth should meet in a scissors bite. The tail is customarily docked and dewclaws removed. The short, black coat is highlighted with clearly defined markings over the eyes, on the cheeks, chest, lower legs and under the tail.
Size and Weight
Mature, male Rottweilers should stand from 24 to 27 inches at the shoulder and females should stand 22 to 25. Preference is given to dogs who fall in the middle of these ranges. The correct proportion is what matters most, and Rottweilers should be slightly longer than they are tall, with the correct ratio being 9:10. Females weigh in around 100 pounds, while males tip the scale at 115 pounds.
Coat and Color
Rottweilers wear a double coat that is medium length, straight and coarse to the touch. The undercoat is concentrated on the neck and thighs, and its thickness depends upon the climate in which the Rottweiler lives. The top coat is medium length and shorter on the head, ears and legs than on the rest of the body.
Rottweilers are always black with markings over the eyes, on the cheeks, on each side of the muzzle, the chest, legs and beneath the tail that may be from mahogany to rust in color.
Brush the Rottweiler on a weekly basis to remove loose hair and distribute natural skin oils to help keep the coat shiny and healthy. Twice a year the Rottweiler will shed heavily, and brushing may need to occur two or three times per week, or daily depending on the individual. Bathe only as needed.
Check the ears on a regular basis for signs of wax buildup, irritation or infection. Clean the ears with a cotton ball and a veterinarian-approved cleanser; never use a cotton swab in a dog's ear canal. Teeth should be brushed on a weekly basis to prevent tartar buildup, promote gum health and keep bad breath at bay. Trim nails monthly if the dog does not wear the toenails down naturally outdoors.