The Pomeranian was not well known until about 1870, when The Kennel Club (England) first recognized the breed. In 1888, on a trip to France, Queen Victoria became enamored by a Pomeranian named Marco, and brought him back with her to England. As legend has it, Queen Victoria wanted her favorite dog, a Pom named Turi, to be with her when she died. Turi was with Victoria when she died in 1901. Other enthusiasts of the breed include Marie Antoinette, Amadeus Mozart and Emile Zola.
The Pomeranian was shown in the Miscellaneous Class of the American Kennel Club as far back as 1888. They were accepted for full registration in 1900, as a member of the Toy Group. The American Pomeranian Club held its first specialty show in 1911. Today’s Pom excels not only in the conformation show ring, but also in obedience, agility and other performance disciplines.
The average life span of the Pomeranian is 13 to 15 years. Breed health concerns may include collapsing trachea, hypothyroidism, elbow luxation, shoulder luxation, patellar luxation, hydrocephalus, entropion, cataracts, generalized progressive retinal atrophy, cryptorchidism and patent ductus arteriosus.