The Newfoundland, also known as the Greater St. John’s Dog and the Newfie, is a large, loyal, long-haired breed with an uncertain ancestry. Whatever its heritage, the Newfie was (and is) remarkably well-suited to its island of origin. Its heavy coat provided protection against the long winters and frigid waters of Newfoundland Island. Its partially webbed feet made it a strong swimmer and an easy traveler over marshes and shores. It great size added to its physical prowess as a water-dog and fisherman’s assistant, and its calm disposition made it attractive to all whom it met. The Newfoundland was accepted into the American Kennel Club’s Working Group in 1886.
The mature male Newfoundland stands about 28 inches at the withers and normally weighs from 130 to 150 pounds. The adult female stands about 26 inches in height and weighs on average from 100 to 120 pounds. Larger size and weight is preferred, but not at the expense of balance or breed type. The Newfie’s dense double coat is flat, oily and water-resistant, having a coarse, long outer coat and a soft, thick undercoat. The tail and backs of the legs are fully feathered. Recognized colors are black, brown, gray and black-and-white. The white Newfie with black markings is called the “Landseer.”