The German Pinscher are compact, medium sized dogs with square proportions and are lean, muscular and powerful. They have a classic Pinscher appearance – blunt, wedge-shaped head, oval-shaped eyes, high set, alert, V-shaped ears that may or may not be cropped, teeth that meet in a strong scissors bite, and a black nose. The German Pinscher's tail is held slightly above horizontal, and is usually docked between the second and third joints. They have round, cat-like feet with dark toenails.
Size and Weight
The ideal height for both male and female German Pinschers is 17-20 inches. The breed standard does not call for specific weight requirements, but adults weigh between 25 and and 45 pounds, on average.
Coat and Color
The German Pinscher's coat is short, smooth and shiny. The hair is short, but it is dense, and the dog should have no bald spots. They come in a variety of colors including red, stag red – red with black hairs intermingled in the coat – and Isabella, which is a bay or fawn color; black or blue with red or tan markings. The markings are located on the cheeks, lips, and lower jaw, above the eyes, on the throat, as two separated triangles on the chest, on the area between the hock joint and the feet (called the metatarsus), on the feet, and on the inner side of the hind legs. White markings will get a Pinscher disqualified in the show ring, through it does not disqualify the dog from being a champion companion.
The German Pinscher is low-maintenance when it comes to grooming. Weekly brushing with a mitt will remove dead hair, and they only need to be bathed when they start giving off a doggie odor. Active Pinscher will wear their toenails down naturally, but they do not, monthly trimmings will be in order. If the nails click on hard floors, it's time for a trim.
Check the ears on a weekly basis for signs of redness, irritation, or wax buildup. Cleanse with a veterinarian-approved solution and a cotton ball. Brush the dog's teeth at least once per week to help keep bad breath in check, and keep teeth and gums healthy.