The Collie, also known as the Scottish Collie or the Scotch Collie, is perhaps most famous due to the television series about “Lassie.” There are two varieties of Collie: rough-coated, which is the recognizable long-haired Collie, and smooth-coated, which is becoming increasingly popular. Famous for their loyalty, bravery and kind spirit, the Collie is one of the most glamorous and well-known of all dog breeds. Its name is thought to come from the name of the Scottish black-faced sheep called “Colleys” – the animal that this breed was assigned to watch. The Collie was recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1885, one year after the AKC was established. The Collie Club of America was formed in 1886 and was the second parent club to join the AKC.
Mature male Collies should stand from 24 to 26 inches at the withers and weigh from 60 to 75 pounds. Females should be between 22 and 24 inches at the withers and weigh between 50 and 65 pounds. The Collie’s coat requires regular brushing and grooming, although the Rough Collie has much higher grooming demands than does the Smooth Coat.