Pit Bull Terriers are the medium sized version of the three breeds that are loosely referred to as Pit Bulls. Often confused with American Staffordshire Terrier and the Staffordshire Bull Terrier, the Pit Bull Terrier stand from 18 to 24 inches and weighs anywhere form 30 to 60 pounds. They are muscular and solidly built and are very powerful for their medium size. The wedge shaped head is large, but not massive, and in proportion with the rest of the body. There are slight wrinkles present on the forehead. The single coat is short and lays close to the body. They may come in any color of the canine rainbow except merle and they may be solid colored or have patches of color. Their eyes may also be any color, except blue, as long as it compliments the coat coloring. The ears are either cropped or left natural and can be rose shaped or semi-prick. The short tail is tapered.
Size and Weight
Pits range in height from 18 to 24 inches at the shoulder and can weigh anywhere from 35 to 60 pounds. It is a common misconception that Pit Bull Terriers should weigh close to 100 pounds, in fact, dogs of that size would be inadmissible to the show ring. Females tend to be smaller than males, weighing 35 to 50 pounds and males weigh 40 to 60.
Coat and Color
Pit Bull Terriers wear a single coat that is glossy, lays close to the body and is slightly harsh in texture. All colors and patterns are permissible, with no preference given to any one shade. Merle, however, is not permitted and the eyes should never be blue.
Grooming a Pit Bull Terrier is a snap. They only need to be bathed as needed, and weekly brushing and the occasional wipe down with a damp cloth will keep the coat looking glossy and healthy and will keep flyaway hair to a minimum.
The ears should be checked on a regular basis for signs of wax buildup, irritation or infection. Clean them with a cotton ball and a veterinarian-approved cleanser; never use a cotton swab in a dog's ear canal. Teeth should be brushed on a weekly basis to prevent tartar buildup, promote gum health and keep bad breath at bay. Trim nails monthly if the dog does not wear the toenails down naturally outdoors./p>