Dog Vomiting | Treatment and Prognosis
PetWave | Dog & Cat Information

Treatment and Prognosis for Vomiting in Dogs

Goals of Treating Vomiting

Effective treatment of recurrent vomiting in dogs involves identifying and correcting the initiating cause of the problem, and then providing the fluids, electrolytes and medications necessary to stop the cycle of vomiting and treat any related medical conditions, such as dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. The goals of treating vomiting also include the provision of nurturing supportive care.

Treatment Options for Vomiting

When a dog has been vomiting for several days, has been vomiting with blood coming up (hematemesis) or has been vomiting and also has bloody or mucoid diarrhea, lethargy, weakness, depression, abdominal pain, fever or confusion, a trip to the veterinarian certainly is warranted. If a dog is unable to hold down even small amounts of food or water without “throwing up,” something is seriously wrong. The animal could be suffering from poisoning, an intestinal obstruction, pancreatitis, bloat/gastric dilatation and volvulus, kidney or liver failure or some infectious disease such as parvovirus. All of these conditions require immediate treatment, before they become life-threatening to the dog.

Many authorities recommend that dogs with recurrent or frequent vomiting be taken off food for a short period of time. The dog’s veterinarian is the best one to outline the precise course of treatment. Withholding food is called “NPO,” or “nothing per os” (nothing by mouth). The purpose of withholding food is to let the dog’s gastrointestinal tract rest. The next step in treatment normally is to provide small sips of water or maybe ice cubes until the cause of the vomiting is determined. Intravenous or subcutaneous fluids may be administered if the dog is severely dehydrated and has to be hospitalized. Electrolytic fluids can be administered if the dog has been diagnosed with an electrolyte imbalance.

Veterinarians will use physical examinations and blood and other tests to try to determine the cause of the vomiting and assess the dog’s hydration and electrolyte status. If these methods don’t point toward a primary cause of the vomiting, more specific tests will be necessary. These may include radiographs (X-rays) and abdominal ultrasound, which might uncover any physiological deformities in the dog’s digestive tract which could be the cause of its vomiting. Drugs that reduce vomiting (antiemetics) can be prescribed to give the dog’s digestive tract time to heal. If a food allergy is suspected as the cause of vomiting, the veterinarian may recommend a hypoallergenic diet. Biopsies of stomach and intestinal tissues may be needed to diagnose bacterial or viral infections that are contributing to the dog’s vomiting.

Source: PetWave


Bone, Joint & Muscle

Dog Bone, Joint, & Muscle Disorders Center: Here you'll find in-depth information on bone, joint,...

Dog Acne (Pimples)

Acne in Dogs: Learn about Acne, including how it affects your dog, and what options...

Abnormally Shaped or Crooked Legs in Dogs (Angular Limb Deformities)

Dog born with crooked or deformed legs: Definition of Canine Angular Limb Deformities, including how...

Definition of Acetaminophen (Tylenol) Overdose in Dogs

While extremely effective and safe for humans, Acetaminophen is extremely toxic to dogs. If...

Ectopic Ureters in Dogs

Ectopic Ureters in Dogs: Learn about Ectopic Ureters, including how they can affect your dog,...


Dog Health Dog Health
Learn about the most common diseases affecting dogs
Puppy Training Getting a Puppy
A new puppy in the house can cause quite a whirlwind of excitement
Dog Breeds List of Dog Breeds
Comprehensive list of dog breeds with specific breed information

Find a Dog Breed?

With so many dog breeds to choose from, sometime it's easier to seach based on certain characterisitcs.

Caring for your Dog?

There is more to caring for your dog than just feeding it. Find out all you need to know to make sure your pet stays healthy.

Training your Dog?

A dog's behavior plays a key role in making a great pet. Training your dog makes a happier dog, and you will be happier too.

Ask a vet?

Have a question?
Ask a Vet Online NowSM

Ask a Vet

About Us | Review Board | Badges | Tell a Friend | Bookmark this Page | Submit Feedback | Terms of Use | Privacy Policy
Dog Breeds | Cat Breeds | Dog Health | Cat Health | Dog Training | Cat Training | Dog Care | Cat Care | Dog Adoption | Cat Food & Diet

Advertise on - A Pet360 Media Network Partner

Become a Fan of on Facebook Become a Fan on Facebook Follow on Twitter Follow on Twitter Email Friend about Tell your friends about PetWave

© 2015 PetWave Corporation. All rights reserved
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a veterinarian. PetWave disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
For more information view our Terms of Service.