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Definition of Cryptorchidism
Cryptorchidism, sometimes called retained or undescended testes, is the absence of one or both testicles in the scrotum of a male puppy by the time it reaches 6 months of age. Testes normally descend within 6 to 8 weeks. However, they can remain in the abdomen or may never develop at all. Cryptorchid dogs can still be fertile, depending on the number and location of their retained testicle(s). Breeders should check puppies for this disorder before placing them in their new homes. Most cryptorchids show no signs of discomfort or pain. In fact, many owners don’t know that their puppies have this disorder until they are checked by a veterinarian or develop aggressive or otherwise unpleasant intact male tendencies. Dogs with retained testicles have a greatly increased risk of developing testicular infection, torsion and cancer. The condition is also hereditary. Affected dogs should be neutered.
The testes are in the abdomen during fetal development. They normally descend through the inguinal canal into the scrotum by the time a male puppy is 6 to 8 weeks old, although this can take longer. Certainly by 6 months of age, both of a puppy’s testicles should be fully dropped. Sometimes, one or both testicles are retained in the abdomen and do not descend properly as a puppy matures. Most breeders check male puppies
Cryptorchidism is often asymptomatic and is rarely painful. In fact, many owners are unaware that their dog has the disorder. However, it is quite important to diagnose and treat this condition, because dogs with retained testicles are at an enormously increased risk of developing testicular cancer. Signs of retained testicles that owners may observe include:While signs of cryptorchidism normally are mild or nonexistent, the condition does carry some risks. Retained testicles develop disease at a
Owners of cryptorchid dogs are often unaware of their dog’s retained testicles until they take their puppy to a veterinarian for a wellness examination and puppy vaccination series. Most veterinarians normally check male puppies to see if both testicles are in their proper anatomical location. This is detectable by manual palpation. Usually, both testicles are completely descended into the scrotum by 8 to 10 weeks of age. However, in some dogs the process takes longer.
Cryptorchidism is the failure of one or both testicles to descend normally from the abdomen into the scrotum of young intact male dogs. The goals of treating this disorder are to prevent subsequent torsion of the retained testicle(s) and to prevent development of testicular cancer. Treatment is also designed to prevent propagation of genetic abnormalities and to eliminate undesirable male behavioral traits associated with testosterone.The therapeutic goals for cryptorchid dogs are all best accomplished by