Canine Prostate Cancer | Information on Prostate Cancer in Dogs

Canine Prostate Cancer

Definition

Cancer of the prostate gland, also called prostatic neoplasia, is an uncommon but extremely serious disease that can affect both neutered and intact male dogs. Prostate tumors are aggressive, highly invasive, space-occupying masses that usually have spread to the spine, pelvis, lymph nodes, lungs and/or other remote locations by the time they are detected. Adenocarcinoma is the most common type of prostate cancer in dogs. Carcinoma, fibrosarcoma, leiomyosarcoma and squamous cell carcinoma can also affect the prostate, especially in neutered dogs. Symptoms of prostate cancer tend to develop gradually and include urination abnormalities, straining to defecate, constipation, scooting, bloody discharge from the penis, lameness, lethargy, appetite and weight loss, weakness and depression. Affected dogs can exhibit one, some, all or none of these symptoms. Owners who notice some of these symptoms should take their dog to a veterinarian as quickly as possible for diagnosis and treatment.

Causes and Prevention of Canine Prostate Cancer

Prostatic neoplasia, also called prostate cancer, is an uncommon but extremely serious disease that occurs in both neutered and intact male dogs. Prostate tumors are highly invasive, space-occupying masses that typically have metastasized by the time they are diagnosed.The prostate is a lobed gland in male dogs located at the junction of the bladder and the urethra. It contributes a liquid component to seminal fluid. The prostate gland increases in size and weight as a

Preventing Prostate Cancer in Dogs

Unless a dog owner has firm plans to use this animal in a formal breeding program, the best prevention strategy for prostate problems is surgery (castration).The risk of a routine surgery is very low, and it would not be considered an endangerment to health to make this decision on a dog's behalf. It is often helpful to review information, and discuss the decision further with the health care team before making the final decision.The potential

Symptoms of Prostate Cancer in Dogs

Prostate cancer can affect male dogs of all breeds and ages, whether intact or neutered, although it normally is diagnosed in older dogs. Signs of prostate cancer often mimic the signs of other prostatic disorders, such as benign prostatic hypertrophy, prostate abscesses or prostatitis.The symptoms of prostate cancer usually develop gradually. Owners of affected dogs may notice none, one or more of the following symptoms:As the disease progresses, the dog may develop one or more

Diagnosing Prostate Cancer in Dogs

As male dogs age, they are increasingly prone to developing disorders of the prostate gland. Unfortunately, prostate cancer is one of them. Prostate tumors are space-occupying masses that cause the prostate gland to become enlarged, and they almost always spread to distant locations before they are diagnosed. Most cases are diagnosed when an owner consults with a veterinarian because his dog seems to be having difficulty urinating and/or defecating.Veterinarians usually perform abdominal and rectal

Treatment and Prognosis of Prostate Cancer in Dogs

Prostate cancer is an extremely serious disease in domestic dogs. Unless caught very early, it almost certainly will become locally invasive and will spread to distant locations as well. The primary goal of therapy is to eliminate or at least reduce the chance of progressive metastatic disease by surgically removing the prostate gland. Unfortunately, in almost all cases, the cancer has spread by the time it is diagnosed. If surgical correction is not a viable

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