Gastritis in Dogs
Definition of Gastritis
Gastric, which refers to inflammation and irritation of the stomach, is one of the most common digestive disorders in dogs. It can be caused by many things, including poisoning, cancer, food allergies, kidney failure, liver failure, Addison’s disease, parvovirus, distemper, internal parasites, bing eating, infection and dietary indiscretion (such as eating garbage, rotting or spoiled food, toxic plants, caustic household chemicals, antifreeze, fertilizers, rodent baits or foreign objects such as plastic wrap, bones, toys, carpet remnants or needles). Dogs can also develop gastritis from eating the feces of other animals, an unpleasant habit called “pica.” The hallmarks of both acute and chronic canine gastritis are persistent attacks of vomiting and intense abdominal pain. Dogs with gastritis are nauseous, lose their appetite and become listless, lethargic and depressed. Fortunately, with proper diagnosis and treatment, the prognosis for most dogs with gastritis is good.
Gastritis, which means inflammation of the stomach lining, can be either sudden (acute) or slow (chronic) in onset. Acute gastritis almost always involves severe abdominal pain and persistent vomiting and is most commonly associated with poisoning from drugs or other toxins, serious organ disease (kidney failure, liver failure, hypoadrenocorticism/Addison’s disease), internal parasites, binging or overeating, eating the wrong thing (“dietary indiscretion”) or infection with bacterial or viral microorganisms. Acute gastritis commonly occurs when dogs eat
Gastritis, which refers to irritation and inflammation of the sensitive lining of the stomach, can come on suddenly (called “acute gastritis”), or can develop slowly over time (called “chronic gastritis”). Either way, it is always an uncomfortable condition for affected animals, who will be nauseous and have mild to severe stomach pain, depending upon the nature and extent of their gastrointestinal inflammation. They probably will lose their appetite and become listless, lethargic and depressed. They
Most dogs with gastritis are brought to the veterinary clinic because they either had a very sudden onset of profuse vomiting, or they have been vomiting off-and-on for several weeks. The most important part of the veterinarian’s initial evaluation is getting the dog’s complete history from its owner, including its health background, diet, eating/chewing habits, access to garbage and household chemicals, free-roaming activities and whether it is on any oral medications. Of course, the discussion
There are a number of different treatment options for dogs with gastritis. They include restricting food intake, avoiding further contact with whatever caused the condition to develop in the first place, and in some cases stopping the administration of prescription medications. Of course, if cancer or some other systemic illness is causing the gastrointestinal discomfort, treatment options are more limited. Owners of affected dogs must discuss the appropriate treatment protocol with their veterinarian.Irritation of the