Definition of Eczema in Dogs
Eczema is a general term that refers to inflammation of the outer layers of the skin, called the epidermis, regardless of the reason for that inflammation. The epidermis doesn’t have its own blood supply and is made up of five distinct layers. Eczema isn’t an illness or disease; it’s a symptom of some other problem that causes the outer layers of a dog’s skin to become irritated. The epidermis can become inflamed for a number of reasons, including contact with chemicals, plants, dust or other inhaled substances, mechanical irritants, extreme heat, cold, dryness or humidity, parasite or insect bites, poor nutrition and viral, bacterial, fungal or yeast-based infections. Eczema can be extremely itchy, causing affected dogs to lick, bite, chew, scratch and rub at their skin, which leads to weeping sores on their skin. Eczema is often seasonal, being worse in hot, humid or dry weather. Owners of dogs with skin sores should take their pets to a veterinarian for treatment.
Canine skin can become inflamed for any number of reasons, including contact with, ingestion of or inhalation of chemical, plant, dust or other substances; mechanical irritants, inclement weather conditions (extreme heat, cold, dryness or humidity); parasite or insect bites; poor nutrition; and viral, bacterial, fungal or yeast-based infections, among other things. Many times, the superficial sores associated with eczema are caused by self-trauma (licking, biting, chewing, scratching, rubbing), such as in response to fleas, lice,
Depending on the cause of the condition, symptoms of eczema may include one or more of the following:Many cases of eczema are seasonal, with the condition worsening in hot humid weather or extremely dry weather. Dogs that spend a lot of time outdoors are at increased risk of being bitten by external parasites. Immune-mediated allergies typically have a hereditary component.
Eczema is not difficult to diagnose. However, the cause of this inflammatory skin condition can be very difficult to diagnose and is one of the reasons that eczema, like so many skin disorders, is unusually frustrating for pet owners.Eczema is diagnosed based on visual inspection of the affected dog’s skin. The challenge is to identify the cause of the condition. Food elimination trials can be used under a veterinarian’s supervision to identify particular allergens in
Eczema refers to a clinical syndrome that accompanies superficial skin irritation and inflammation of the outer layers of the skin, regardless of the cause. It is frequently itchy, painful and otherwise uncomfortable for affected animals. The goals of treating superficial skin lesions are to minimize the dog’s discomfort, reduce epidermal inflammation, eliminate secondary bacterial, viral, yeast or fungal infections, remove the underlying cause of the condition from the dog’s environment and provide medical and