Diabetes Mellitus in Dogs (Type 1 & Type 2)

Source: PetWave, Updated on July 16, 2015

Diabetes in Dogs - Definition

Diabetes Mellitus, also referred to as Sugar Diabetes, DM, or simply Diabetes, is the most common type of diabetes diagnosed in dogs today. There are two forms of this type of diabetes in dogs; Type 1 and Type 2. Type 1 Diabetes is an insulin-dependent form of diabetes, and is similar to juvenile-onset diabetes in people. It is fairly common in dogs and probably is hereditary. Dogs with Type 1 diabetes do not produce enough insulin, which is necessary for metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins and fats and regulation of blood glucose levels. Type 2 Diabetes is a non-insulin-dependent form of diabetes and is similar to adult-onset diabetes in people and is rare in dogs. Dogs with Type 2 Diabetes have normal amounts of insulin, but their cells still can’t process food or regulate blood sugar levels normally. Dogs with either form of Diabetes Mellitus end up with too much sugar in their blood. They get extremely thirsty and pass large amounts of urine. Their body enters “starvation mode,” breaking down stored fat for energy, which causes harmful byproducts to build up in circulation. If left untreated, diabetes in dogs can result in stroke, coma, and even death.

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