Dog Conjunctivitis | Treatment and Prognosis

Treatment and Prognosis of Conjunctivitis in Dogs

Treating Conjunctivitis

The goals of treating conjunctivitis are to resolve the underlying cause, eliminate any bacterial, viral or fungal infection and eliminate ocular pain associated with the condition. A thorough ophthalmic examination must be done, including assessment of all conjunctival surfaces, taking samples for bacterial and fungal cultures, examination of conjunctival cells microscopically for infection or other disorder, applying fluorescein dye to examine internal eye structures, assessing tear production via a Schirmer tear test and testing intraocular pressure.

In most cases, topical, broad-spectrum antibiotics in the form of prescription eye drops will resolve conjunctivitis caused by bacterial infection in dogs. These drops also sooth and wash over the eyes, promoting healing. Topical steroid eye drops may be added to the protocol to reduce inflammation.

If eye drops are not effective and a more chronic condition develops, further investigation into the cause of the condition is necessary. Normally, this will include referral to a specialized veterinary ophthalmologist for advanced diagnostic testing. These tests will check for foreign objects or parasites which may be contributing to eye irritation. The veterinarian will examine and sample cells of the irritated eye tissue to determine whether any viral components or resistant bacteria are involved. If a foreign object or parasitic infection is found, surgical removal may be necessary. If a virus is detected, anti-viral eye drops may be prescribed. If an especially resistant bacteria is suspected, samples will be cultured to determine which particular antibiotic, or combination of antibiotics, will effectively eliminate the infection. Dogs experiencing chronic conjunctivitis due to seasonal allergies can be given prescription eye drops, especially during the seasons in which the condition is worse. A number of oral medications are available as well, particularly if the eye redness is secondary to some other underlying condition.

Prognosis

While chronic conjunctivitis can be frustrating for owners, it usually can be treated effectively once the cause is determined. In most cases, it is best to consult with a veterinarian who has advanced training in ophthalmology in order to resolve chronic eye conditions.

Source: PetWave

MATCHING TOPICS OF INTEREST

Bone Cancer (Osteosarcoma) in Dogs

Bone Cancer in Dogs: Learn about Bone Cancer, including how it affects your dog, and...

Strokes in Dogs

Strokes in Dogs: Learn about Strokes, including how they can affect your dog, and what...

Dog Kidney Disease

Kidney Disease in Dogs: Learn about Kidney Disease, including how it can affect your dog,...

Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy in Dogs

Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy in Dogs: Learn about Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy, including how it can affect your dog,...

Heart Failure in Dogs

Heart Failure in Dogs: Learn about Heart Failure, including how it can affect your dog,...

PETWAVE: POPULAR TOPICS

Dog Health Dog Health
Learn about the most common diseases affecting dogs
Puppy Training Getting a Puppy
A new puppy in the house can cause quite a whirlwind of excitement
Dog Breeds List of Dog Breeds
Comprehensive list of dog breeds with specific breed information

Find a Dog Breed?

With so many dog breeds to choose from, sometime it's easier to seach based on certain characterisitcs.

Caring for your Dog?

There is more to caring for your dog than just feeding it. Find out all you need to know to make sure your pet stays healthy.

Training your Dog?

A dog's behavior plays a key role in making a great pet. Training your dog makes a happier dog, and you will be happier too.

Ask a vet?

Have a question?
Ask a Vet Online NowSM

About Us | Review Board | Badges | Tell a Friend | Bookmark this Page | Submit Feedback | Terms of Use | Privacy Policy
Dog Breeds | Cat Breeds | Dog Health | Cat Health | Dog Training | Cat Training | Dog Care | Cat Care | Dog Nutrition | Cat Nutrition

Advertise on petwave.com - A Pet360 Media Network Partner

Become a Fan of Petwave.com on Facebook Become a Fan on Facebook Follow PetWave.com on Twitter Follow PetWave.com on Twitter Email Friend about Petwave.com Tell your friends about PetWave

© 2014 PetWave Corporation. All rights reserved
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a veterinarian. PetWave disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
For more information view our Terms of Service.