Coccidia Infection in Dogs | Stomach Parasite
PetWave | Dog & Cat Information

Coccidia Infection in Dogs

Definition of Coccidia

Coccidia are a group of internal parasites that most often live in the cells that line the gastrointestinal tract. They can also infect the liver and other organs. Coccidia parasites infect many domestic animals. Certain species of coccidia are extremely infectious to people, as well. These internal parasites cause intestinal inflammation (enteritis) in all species that they infect, although the course and severity of symptoms can vary quite a bit. Coccidiosis is an economically significant disease of sheep, cattle, pigs, poultry, rabbits and goats. It affects, but usually is less severe clinically, in fish, horses, dogs and cats.

Causes and Prevention of Coccidia Infection in Dogs

In all species except fish, the disease caused by coccidia, known as coccidiosis, is caused by one of three general categories of organisms: Eimeria, Isospora and Cryptosporidium. Dogs are predominantly infected with Isospora canis, while cats tend to become infected with Isospora felis. Eimeria species are not known to parasitize dogs or cats. Cryptosporidium organisms are still being evaluated as the cause of rapid-onset, potentially fatal coccidiosis in very young puppies and kittens. Cryptosporidium are

Symptoms of Coccidia Infection in Dogs

The main symptom of coccidiosis in dogs is diarrhea, which typically is much worse in puppies than in older animals. It is also worse in young dogs living in dirty, damp, cold, unsanitary conditions, as well as in those that are concurrently affected by other diseases or disorders.In puppies and kittens, coccidia can cause a fairly severe form of diarrhea, which unfortunately may become life-threatening. Adult dogs and cats typically develop a much more mild

Diagnosing Coccidia Infection in Dogs

Dogs that are seen by a veterinarian for coccidial diarrhea – especially young puppies – often have normal results on their routine blood work and urinalysis, with the possible exception of showing the effects of dehydration. The best way to diagnose coccidiosis is to examine a fresh fecal sample for the presence of the oocyst form of the parasite. The veterinarian usually will mix a small amount of feces with either a sugar or salt

Treatment and Prognosis of Coccidia Infection in Dogs

Mature dogs infected with coccidia usually do not require any special treatment due to the mild nature of their symptoms. Most cases of coccidiosis resolve spontaneously within a few weeks even without treatment; this is called a “self-limiting infection.” However, young, weak, sick dogs may need to be hospitalized, so that they can be given intravenous fluid replacement to counteract the dehydration caused by severe diarrhea. A number of oral and injectable medications are effective

Source: PetWave


Adrenal Tumors in Dogs

Adrenal Gland Tumors in Dogs: Learn about Adrenal Gland Tumors, including how they affect your...

Bone Cancer (Osteosarcoma) in Dogs

Bone Cancer in Dogs: Learn about Bone Cancer, including how it affects your dog, and...

Tracheal Worms (Oslerus osleri) in Dogs

Tracheal Worms in Dogs: Learn about Tracheal Worms, including how they can affect your dog,...

Dermoid Cysts (Lump Under Skin) in Dogs

Dermoid Cysts in Dogs: Learn about Dermoid Cysts, including how they can affect your dog,...

Ear & Eye Health

Dog Ear & Eye Disorders Center: Here you'll find in-depth information on ear and eye...


Dog Health Dog Health
Learn about the most common diseases affecting dogs
Puppy Training Getting a Puppy
A new puppy in the house can cause quite a whirlwind of excitement
Dog Breeds List of Dog Breeds
Comprehensive list of dog breeds with specific breed information

Find a Dog Breed?

With so many dog breeds to choose from, sometime it's easier to seach based on certain characterisitcs.

Caring for your Dog?

There is more to caring for your dog than just feeding it. Find out all you need to know to make sure your pet stays healthy.

Training your Dog?

A dog's behavior plays a key role in making a great pet. Training your dog makes a happier dog, and you will be happier too.

Ask a vet?

Have a question?
Ask a Vet Online NowSM

Ask a Vet

About Us | Review Board | Badges | Tell a Friend | Bookmark this Page | Submit Feedback | Terms of Use | Privacy Policy
Dog Breeds | Cat Breeds | Dog Health | Cat Health | Dog Training | Cat Training | Dog Care | Cat Care | Dog Adoption | Cat Food & Diet

Advertise on - A Pet360 Media Network Partner

Become a Fan of on Facebook Become a Fan on Facebook Follow on Twitter Follow on Twitter Email Friend about Tell your friends about PetWave

© 2015 PetWave Corporation. All rights reserved
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a veterinarian. PetWave disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
For more information view our Terms of Service.