Definition of Cancer
Cancer, also called neoplasia, is the uncontrolled transformation of normal cells into abnormal ones, which usually form masses, invade nearby tissue and ultimately spread to other areas of the body. What causes cancer is still a mystery. Dogs can get many different types of cancer, each of which may show up with varying frequencies and degrees of severity. Many dogs with cancer get a lump somewhere on their body, which typically doesn’t seem to bother them. They may become weak, lethargic and easily fatigued, lose their appetite and lose weight, develop vomiting, diarrhea, enlarged lymph nodes, fever and lameness, and even collapse. Cancer is a leading cause of death in dogs, especially older dogs. Owners who think that their dog may have cancer should consult with a veterinarian right away. Early diagnosis always improves a dog’s chance of survival. Many treatment options are available if cancer is caught early.
Medical science has not yet discovered the precise causes of the various types of cancer, despite intensive research in both the animal and human realms. Domestic dogs are susceptible to many different types of cancer. These include lymphosarcoma, osteosarcoma, soft tissue sarcomas, mast cell tumors, hemangiosarcoma, oral melanoma and mammary neoplasia, among many others. Each of these can present in a number of ways, with varying frequencies and degrees of severity. Some dog breeds are
Cancer is one of the leading causes of death in domestic dogs - especially older dogs - which is partially due to the fact that companion animals are living longer with continual improvements in nutrition and veterinary care. How cancer affects a particular dog depends upon the type of cancer and the biological make-up of the individual animal. Meaningful generalizations about the effects of cancer cannot be made. Ultimately, however, most untreated or untreatable malignancies
Our canine companions suffer from some of the same diseases that we suffer from, and sadly cancer is one of them. Neoplasia is one of the leading causes of death in dogs. The increasing rate of cancer diagnoses is no doubt due in part to the fact that our dogs are living longer with improvements in nutrition and health care. Nonetheless, any mass that is prominent or persistent should be evaluated for neoplasia.Many different types
When an obvious tumor or mass is identified, the first step in the diagnostic process is to take a sample by a fine needle aspirate and/or a surgical biopsy. The samples will be evaluated microscopically, and skilled pathologists usually are able to identify cancer cells when they are present. Other techniques include taking impression smears of surgical specimens or open lesions, staining and evaluating those samples and surgical removal and histopathological assessment of whole masses.
The goals of treating cancer are to prevent further metastasis (spreading), remove all cancerous tissue when possible and restore the dog’s quality of life. When an owner notices a lump or bump on his dog or otherwise perceives that his dog just “isn’t doing right,” he should take his pet to the veterinarian as soon as possible.Surgery is the treatment of choice for many canine cancers. Localized masses often can be surgically removed and,
A diagnosis of cancer is a devastating discovery. However, modern medicine combined with holistic modalities can help maintain a pet's quality of life, as well as extend life much further than was possible years ago. While food in itself cannot cure cancer, diet and nutrition (in the form of both foods and supplements) can be an important tool in managing this disease.Nutritional therapy involves amending the diet to lower carbohydrate intake. Tumors grow most rapidly