Antifreeze | Antifreeze Poisoning in Dogs | Canine Ethylene Glycol Poisoning

Antifreeze (Ethylene Glycol) Poisoning in Dogs

Definition of Antifreeze (Ethylene Glycol) Poisoning

Ethylene glycol is a colorless, odorless, sweet-tasting liquid. It is a common ingredient in antifreeze, because it lowers the freezing point of water. Ethylene glycol is also found in paint, solvents, radiator fluid, brake fluid, motor oil, aircraft and runway de-icing products, automobile windshield de-icers, ink, home solar units and wood stains. It is tasty enough that dogs (and cats) will lap it up in large quantities if they can get to it. Unfortunately, it is highly toxic. A dog’s liver will metabolize ethylene glycol within a matter of hours. This creates a substance called oxalic acid, which binds to calcium in the blood and forms calcium oxalate crystals. These crystals eventually lodge inside the dog’s kidneys, leading to renal failure and sometimes sudden death. Owners should be sure that antifreeze and all other substances that contain ethylene glycol are securely stored somewhere out of their pets’ reach.

Causes and Prevention of Antifreeze Poisoning in Dogs

Ethylene glycol (EG) poisoning in dogs (and in cats) is almost always caused by voluntary ingestion of automotive antifreeze products, which usually contain about 95% EG. Cases of malicious poisoning with antifreeze have also been reported. When water sources are limited because they are frozen, antifreeze typically remains in its liquid form due to its lower freezing point. Leaks of antifreeze from automobile engines and radiators are the main source of antifreeze poisoning in pets.

Symptoms and Signs of Antifreeze Poisoning in Dogs

Once ethylene glycol (EG) is metabolized into oxalic acid and binds with calcium in the blood, it forms calcium oxalate crystals that are deposited in the kidneys. At this point, the dog will become very, very ill. Its symptoms will include depression, vomiting, convulsions, gastric irritation (upset stomach) and extreme pain. Seizures, coma and death are common. Obviously, these are highly unpleasant and potentially catastrophic consequences for the dog.Ingestion of antifreeze can cause a myriad

Diagnosing Antifreeze Poisoning in Dogs

Antifreeze poisoning is diagnosed based upon the dog’s history, presenting symptoms and specific blood testing. Sometimes, the owner will have seen his dog licking antifreeze from spills or puddles under leaking automobile radiators. Less commonly, the dog may have been observed licking antifreeze straight from an open or leaky container. These ingestions are usually witnessed in a driveway or garage, during the fall or winter months, especially in very cold climates. However, most of the

Treatment and Prognosis of Antifreeze Poisoning in Dogs

The goals of treating a dog with antifreeze poisoning are to try and prevent absorption of ethylene glycol (EG) from the gastrointestinal tract, prevent the conversion of EG to its toxic metabolites, increase the excretion of EG and its metabolites and prevent the development of acute renal failure. Treatment must be implemented very quickly after a dog ingests antifreeze for the outcome to have even a remote chance of being successful.If a dog is presented

Source: PetWave

MATCHING TOPICS OF INTEREST

Reproductive Health

Dog Reproductive Disorders Center: Here you'll find in-depth information on reproductive disorders that affect dogs....

Intervertebral Disk Disease in Dogs

Intervertebral Disk Disease (IVDD) in Dogs: Learn about Intervertebral Disk Disease, including how it can...

Idiopathic Vestibular Disease in Dogs

Idiopathic Vestibular Disease in Dogs: Learn about Idiopathic Vestibular Disease, including how it can affect...

Acute Renal Failure in Dogs

Acute Renal Failure in Dogs: Learn about Acute Renal Failure, including how it affects your...

Dry Eye (KCS) in Dogs

Dry Eye (KCS) in Dogs: Learn about Dry Eye, including how it can affect your...

PETWAVE: POPULAR TOPICS

Dog Health Dog Health
Learn about the most common diseases affecting dogs
Puppy Training Getting a Puppy
A new puppy in the house can cause quite a whirlwind of excitement
Dog Breeds List of Dog Breeds
Comprehensive list of dog breeds with specific breed information

Find a Dog Breed?

With so many dog breeds to choose from, sometime it's easier to seach based on certain characterisitcs.

Caring for your Dog?

There is more to caring for your dog than just feeding it. Find out all you need to know to make sure your pet stays healthy.

Training your Dog?

A dog's behavior plays a key role in making a great pet. Training your dog makes a happier dog, and you will be happier too.

Ask a vet?

Have a question?
Ask a Vet Online NowSM

About Us | Review Board | Badges | Tell a Friend | Bookmark this Page | Submit Feedback | Terms of Use | Privacy Policy
Dog Breeds | Cat Breeds | Dog Health | Cat Health | Dog Training | Cat Training | Dog Care | Cat Care | Dog Nutrition | Cat Nutrition

Advertise on petwave.com - A Pet360 Media Network Partner

Become a Fan of Petwave.com on Facebook Become a Fan on Facebook Follow PetWave.com on Twitter Follow PetWave.com on Twitter Email Friend about Petwave.com Tell your friends about PetWave

© 2014 PetWave Corporation. All rights reserved
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a veterinarian. PetWave disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
For more information view our Terms of Service.