Dog Acne (Pimples)
Definition of Acne
Acne, also called chin pyoderma, puppy dermatitis, muzzle folliculitis, furunculosis or simply “pimples,” is a fairly common inflammatory condition that affects the lips, chins and muzzles of puppies and young adult dogs. Occasionally, acne shows up in the genital region, the area beneath the tail or on the flank. What causes acne in dogs is not well-understood. However, canine acne is similar to acne in teen-aged people. It usually starts as hard, purplish-red raised areas and blackheads at the site of hair follicles. Bacteria get into the plugged follicles and multiply, creating whiteheads, which are pimples filled with pus. While mild acne outbreaks usually don’t cause dogs much discomfort, severe acne can be extremely painful. It is important for owners to recognize the signs of acne, so that they can take appropriate steps to treat the condition and relieve their dog’s discomfort.
The underlying cause of acne in dogs is not well-understood. Most authorities think that acne is the result of a bacterial infection which is secondary to a trauma or other trigger. Some people suggest that local trauma to the muzzle and face contributes to canine acne, while others theorize that there is a genetic predisposition that contributes to the disorder. Still other experts think that hormones may play a triggering role, because acne is most
Mild outbreaks of acne usually do not cause a dog discomfort. More severe cases, especially those in which the lesions have become infected, impacted, hard and raised, draining or weeping, can be quite painful, however. Scratching at the inflamed area can open the pimples prematurely, promoting the spread of secondary bacterial infection.Most people know what acne lesions, known as pimples, look like. Owners of young growing dogs – especially large, short-haired breeds –should keep an
Canine acne is usually more of a cosmetic distraction for owners of companion dogs than it is a serious medical condition. Most of the time, owners will notice a scattering of raised red bumps, or pimples, on the chin, lips or muzzle of their young dogs. Fortunately, acne is not difficult to diagnose, and there are a number of medical therapies that are quite effective in controlling the condition.A diagnosis of canine acne usually is
The goals of treating acne in dogs are to resolve the dog’s discomfort if any, eliminate any contributing primary or secondary bacterial, fungal or other infections and to control recurrent break-outs. It usually is not possible to determine the precise underlying cause of canine acne, especially in the early stages of the condition.The choice of treatment for acne depends on how severe and chronic the condition is in any given animal. It is important to