Pomeranian Dog Breed
The Pomeranian, also known as the Zwergspitz and commonly called the Pom, descends from spitz-type sled dogs of Iceland. Despite its present diminutive size, the Pomeranian originally was used as a sheep-herding dog and was much larger than it is today, weighing up to 30 pounds. This vivacious and extroverted little dog is one of the most favored of all toy breeds, both in the show ring and at home. They are known for their tiny size and abundant coat. Poms are excellent watch dogs and home protectors. They are especially good with children and the elderly. To its fanciers, the Pomeranian is the ideal companion, suitable for any urban or rural household. The Pomeranian was accepted into the Toy Group of the American Kennel Club in 1888.
Pomeranians have a dense, double coat, which requires regular attention. They typically weigh between 3 and 7 pounds, with the ideal weight for the show ring being 4 to 6 pounds. The average adult Pom is between 7 and 12 inches at the withers. All colors are accepted in this breed.
The Pomeranian was not well known until about 1870, when The Kennel Club (England) first recognized the breed. In 1888, on a trip to France, Queen Victoria became enamored by a Pomeranian named Marco, and brought him back with her to England. As legend has it, Queen Victoria wanted her favorite dog, a Pom named Turi, to be with her when she died. Turi was with Victoria when she died in 1901. Other enthusiasts of
Pomeranians weigh about five pounds but they have the personalities of something a lot larger. They are curious dogs, alert and interested in everything that is going on around them. Often, their favorite spot at home is perched on a windowsill where they can take in as much neighborhood action as they can, barking often to let you know that someone is walking by. They love to be the center of attention, and have been
Pomeranians are small, fluffy dogs with wedge-shaped heads and small ears. The shape of their head and muzzle, along with their ever-alert expression all contributes to the Pom's fox-like appearance. The skull is slightly rounded, the eyes are almond-shaped, dark in color, but bright. The eye rims and nose are either dark or match the coat color (called self-colored). The erect ears sit high atop the head. The coat is long, thick and coarse to
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