Dog Breeding Guide: Information on breeding your dog, including selecting dogs to breed, choosing a breeding program, and much more.
Thing to Consider Before Breeding Dogs
The articles in this guide are meant to provide a broad and somewhat basic introduction to the world of dog breeding, including some discussion of the female dog’s heat cycle, responsible breeding practices, how to select the dogs to have the best chances of achieving the breeder’s goals and how to orchestrate and accomplish the mating itself as safely and successfully as possible. Dog lovers who are considering breeding their dogs and intend to be careful in their breeding practices should consider the following:
- Breeding a litter of dogs can be expensive and time-consuming.
- It can be extremely rewarding but may also be heart-wrenching.
- Having a litter requires a great deal of responsibility and commitment and should not be thought of as a money-making endeavor.
- As reputable breeders will agree, breeding and raising a litter is rarely profitable. It should always be a labor of love, not a pursuit of profit.
Choosing the right dogs to breed to one another involves a lot of research and gathering a great deal of information. The breeder should consider both the male’s and the female’s history, conformation, temperament, breed type, health and possible medical concerns. Additional considerations include behavioral traits, physical soundness and an evaluation of reproductive organs and systems.A thorough medical history should be gathered and evaluated before dogs are bred. One of the most important considerations is
Female dogs do not menstruate in the way that women do. Instead, dogs have an estrous cycle, more commonly called a heat cycle. Sexually mature female dogs go through heat twice, or less commonly once, every year. This usually starts between 9 and 12 months of age, although this varies. Females have heat cycles throughout their lives because, unlike primates, dogs don’t go into menopause as they age. Instead, their heat cycles gradually stretch out
Responsible breeders are not primarily concerned with making money by selling puppies. Hard-working, dedicated breeders go to a great deal of effort – and spend a great deal of money - trying to preserve, promote and improve the quality of their favored breeds by crossing exceptional individuals and carefully raising and promoting one litter at a time. Breeding dogs the “right way” is more of an art than it is a science and takes a
Purebred dogs are only bred to others of their breed so that the puppies can be registered as purebreds. Dog breeders take great pride in planning their offspring carefully so that they represent the very finest specimen of the breed. Defined physical traits called “points of conformation” are used to judge dogs in shows, and the champions are in high demand for breeding programs to make the next generation of pups the very best. All
For most dogs, mating is a natural process. Occasionally, inexperienced dogs need a little help. Timing, health and environmental considerations are all important to a successful breeding. With today’s remarkable advances in the tools and techniques for veterinary reproduction, breeders have a number of different ways to accomplish a breeding. The oldest of these is a natural mating. However, for health and safety reasons, and also to diversify the gene pool, many breeders are turning
Once a dog has puppies, breast feeding the puppies is the best way to ensure that the puppies are receiving all of their nutritional requirements. While there are risks that can occur when a dog breast feeds her litter, the benefits of breast feeding far outweigh the risks.While over the counter puppy formulas are created to provide complete nutrition to a puppy, a puppy’s sensitive digestive system cannot always adjust to formulas. Many puppies that