Rabies is transmitted through saliva - primarily via bite wounds. But it can also be spread by infected saliva entering an open cut or wound, or contacting a mucous membrane, such as those in the mouth, nasal cavity or eyes.
Rabies is a type of virus that causes a condition known as acute viral encephalomyelitis. The virus has the ability to infect all types of mammals, and it can be spread from mammal to mammal when infected body fluids, such as blood or saliva.
The best way to prevent rabies is to be a responsible pet owner and avoid contact with unfamiliar animals. Keep vaccinations up to date for all dogs and cats. This requirement is important not only to keep your pets from getting rabies, but also to provide a barrier of protection for you, if your animal is bitten by a rabid wild animal.