Histoplasmosis in Cats | Treatment Options

Treating Histoplasmosis in Cats

Introduction

Histoplasmosis is a serious, systemic fungal disease which occurs in cats that ingest or inhale a soil-dwelling organism called Histoplasma capsulatum. This fungus is endemic in many areas, and not all cats that are exposed will develop clinical disease. The infection can be difficult to diagnose and can be fatal. Thankfully, once it is diagnosed, it is normally successfully - and permanently - treatable. The treatment is expensive, but the prognosis is good for cats without significant lung involvement and damage before treatment begins.

Treating Histoplasmosis in Cats

The goal of treatment is to completely clear the infection from the cat. The duration of treatment and the selection of appropriate anti-fungal drugs must be decided upon by a veterinarian, because the treatment protocols may differ in cases of disseminated versus mild disease. Speaking generally, anti-fungal azole medications are used to combat this infection. They normally need to be administered orally, twice a day, for at least 4 to 6 months depending upon the severity of the cat’s condition and its response to treatment. In severe cases where hospitalization is necessary, additional intravenous medications may be added to the protocol, together with oxygen, fluids and nutritional support. The azole drugs can cause gastrointestinal side effects (vomiting, diarrhea, lethargy and abdominal pain) and normally should be given with meals. Anti-fungal medications are expensive, but less so in cats than in dogs because of cats’ smaller size.

Affected cats should remain on a high-quality, palatable diet with free access to fresh water to ensure adequate nutritional support and hydration. Regular visits to the veterinarian for assessment of progress are important and may include repeated chest radiographs for cats with significant lung involvement.

Source: PetWave

MATCHING TOPICS OF INTEREST

Kidney & Urinary Health

The kidney and urinary tract make up organs in the body dedicated to the elimination...

Constipation in Cats

Constipation in Cats Guide: Here you'll find in-depth information on Constipation in cats including its...

Chronic Renal Failure in Cats

Chronic Renal Failure (CRF) in Cats Guide: Here you'll find in-depth information on Chronic Renal...

Liver Disease

Liver Disease in Cats Guide: Here you'll find in-depth information on Liver Disease in cats...

Reproductive Health

Reproductive Disorders affect the group of organs involved in procreation....

PETWAVE: POPULAR TOPICS

Dog Health Dog Health
Learn about the most common diseases affecting dogs
Puppy Training Getting a Puppy
A new puppy in the house can cause quite a whirlwind of excitement
Dog Breeds List of Dog Breeds
Comprehensive list of dog breeds with specific breed information

Find a Dog Breed?

With so many dog breeds to choose from, sometime it's easier to seach based on certain characterisitcs.

Caring for your Dog?

There is more to caring for your dog than just feeding it. Find out all you need to know to make sure your pet stays healthy.

Training your Dog?

A dog's behavior plays a key role in making a great pet. Training your dog makes a happier dog, and you will be happier too.

Ask a vet?

Have a question?
Ask a Vet Online NowSM

Ask a Vet

About Us | Review Board | Badges | Tell a Friend | Bookmark this Page | Submit Feedback | Terms of Use | Privacy Policy
Dog Breeds | Cat Breeds | Dog Health | Cat Health | Dog Training | Cat Training | Dog Care | Cat Care | Dog Adoption | Cat Food & Diet

Advertise on petwave.com - A Pet360 Media Network Partner

Become a Fan of Petwave.com on Facebook Become a Fan on Facebook Follow PetWave.com on Twitter Follow PetWave.com on Twitter Email Friend about Petwave.com Tell your friends about PetWave

© 2014 PetWave Corporation. All rights reserved
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a veterinarian. PetWave disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
For more information view our Terms of Service.