Defining Colitis in Cats
Colitis is the medical term for inflammation of the colon, which is also referred to as the large intestine or large bowel. The colon is the lower part of the digestive tract. It includes and extends from the cecum to the rectum. The cecum is the first part of the colon and forms a dilated pouch at the end of the small intestine. The rectum is the last part of the colon, which ends at and adjoins the anal canal. Many things can cause the colon to become inflamed, including bacterial infection, infestation by internal parasites and a condition known as inflammatory bowel disease. Depending on the underlying cause, colitis in cats can be acute (sudden in onset), episodic (waxing and waning) or chronic (long-term).