Colitis in Cats
Defining Colitis in Cats
Colitis is the medical term for inflammation of the colon, which is also referred to as the large intestine or large bowel. The colon is the lower part of the digestive tract. It includes and extends from the cecum to the rectum. The cecum is the first part of the colon and forms a dilated pouch at the end of the small intestine. The rectum is the last part of the colon, which ends at and adjoins the anal canal. Many things can cause the colon to become inflamed, including bacterial infection, infestation by internal parasites and a condition known as inflammatory bowel disease. Depending on the underlying cause, colitis in cats can be acute (sudden in onset), episodic (waxing and waning) or chronic (long-term).
The colon, also called the large bowel or large intestine, is the last functional part of the gastrointestinal tract. It is responsible for the final stages of digestion before the digestive waste products, in the form of feces, are eliminated. Colitis is a condition that occurs when the lining of the colon becomes irritated and inflamed, disrupting the last part of the digestive process. Inflammation of the colon triggers a cascade of gastrointestinal events on
The most common symptoms of feline colitis involve changes in the consistency of the cat’s stool and increasingly frequent trips to the litter box. Affected cats typically have diarrhea, often tinged with fresh blood, and an upset tummy. The symptoms appear suddenly if the colitis is acute, wax and wane if the colitis is episodic, and come on slowly then worsen with time if the condition is chronic. Cats can be quite stoic and may
Colitis is the medical term for inflammation of the colon, which is also called the “large” intestine and is between the cecum and the rectum. The cecum is the first part of the large intestine, and the rectum is the last. There are a number of different types of colitis, and each has different causes and clinical signs. Typically, colitis is characterized as being chronic, episodic or acute. These different forms of colitis are distinguished
A thorough history from the cat’s owner, and a complete physical examination that includes gentle palpation of the abdomen and assessment of the cat’s presenting symptoms, will be conducted in suspected cases of colitis. Most veterinarians assessing a cat with diarrhea and signs of abdominal pain will also take blood and urine samples as part of their initial evaluation. Routine blood and urine tests usually are normal in cats with acute colitis, but they may
Colitis is a complicated condition that requires an accurate diagnosis before effective treatment can begin. The therapeutic goals of treating this disorder are to relieve the cat’s pain and discomfort, restore normal bowel function, resolve large bowel diarrhea and eliminate any identifiable contributing conditions.The choice of treatment will depend on why the cat’s colon is inflamed and the frequency and severity of its symptoms. Most cats with acute colitis are treated symptomatically, because the cause